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Group 3 irregular verbs - passé composé (practice)

LESSON OBJECTIVES

LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ

What is the passé composé ?

It is a past tense equivalent to the present perfect and simple past in English, referring to an action that took place in the past, and is over.

How is it formed?

subject pronoun + auxiliary avoir (to have) or être (to be) in the present tense + past participle of the conjugated verb.

How to form the past participle with irregular verbs?

Forming the past participle of irregular verbs is difficult as it doesn't necessarily follow a pattern. Please learn the main verbs' past participle by heart.

Examples of irregular 3rd group verbs:

  1. prendre - to take = j'ai pris* (I have taken/I took)
  2. boire - to drink = nous avons bu (we have drunk/we drank)
  3. être - to be = Il a été (he has been/he was)

*past participle

Auxiliaries

Avoir (present tense)

Être (present tense)

Only reflexive verbs and movement verbs use être in the passé composé.

Other verbs from the third group and their past participles:

PRACTICE

Put the verb in bracket into the passé composé

  1. Tom _________________ te donner sa veste. (vouloir)
  2. Nous _________________ du train à Marseille. (descendre)
  3. Alice et Tom _________________ un gâteau ensemble. (faire)
  4. Je _________________ le dernier film de Steven Spielberg hier. (voir)
  5. Tom et toi _________________ à parler français. (apprendre)
  6. Tu _________________ en lui. (croire/negation)
  7. Tom et moi _________________ à Paris le mois dernier. (aller)
  8. Ils _________________ de la chance. (avoir)
  9. Il _________________ une mauvaise nouvelle. (recevoir)
  10. Je _________________ la porte. (ouvrir)
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