Reflexive or pronominal verbs are so called because the subject (who does the action) is also the direct object (who has the action done to them) ex: I wash myself. In French, they are called verbes pronominaux or verbes réfléchis.
The conjugation of these verbs follows the same patterns as any other verbs. The difference is in the use of the extra pronoun, or reflexive pronoun, which matches the subject.
Here are the subject pronouns and their corresponding reflexive pronouns.
|Subject pronouns||Reflexive pronouns||Translation of reflexive pronouns|
NOTE: me, te and se become m', t' and s' in front of a vowel or a silent h.
Se laver (to wash oneself)
|Se réveiller (to wake up)||Se coucher (to lie down)|
|Se lever (To stand up/get up)||S’habiller (to dress oneself)|
|Se reposer (to have a rest)||Se regarder (to look at oneself)|
|Se faire un café (to make oneself a coffee)||Se prendre en photo (to take a picture of oneself)|
|S’appeler (to call oneself)||S’énerver (to get annoyed)|
|Se fâcher (to get angry)||Se casser la jambe (to break a leg)|
In the following sentences, conjugate the reflexive verbs between brackets using the present tense.